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Separating Timing, Movement Conditions and Individual Differences in the Analysis of Human Movement
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Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content. Find in Worldcat. Print Save Cite Email Share. Search within book. Email Address. Library Card. Field Ian Q. If you think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian. All rights reserved. We are able to regulate the volume of our voices to accommodate speaking in a large room, a library, or face to face as well as when talking to someone across a classroom. This is not always true for individuals with an autism spectrum disorder who may speak out loud, yell, or make noises even when asked to be quiet.
Another challenge is festination which is an increasing rate of speech, actions, or thoughts. This speeding up of processes can be disturbing and quite frustrating not only for the speaker, but for those attempting to listen and understand. That is when someone is asked to label, describe, or simply speak on command. Most people may experience some freezing, slow memory recall, or inability to speak in those instances. Some of us may laugh it off. Others may become withdrawn, frustrated, or even get angry when confronted. Our Thoughts can be impeded if we have trouble staying focused on one issue or topic.
Sex Differences in the Organization of Movement
Many of us may be able to think of all that needs to be done during a day, and be concerned about a sick family member. We can work on the computer writing an article, and also be thinking about what we will eat for dinner. If we had any of the difficulties mentioned, we could have great difficulty maintaining our focus and getting our tasks done. Perceptions constantly bombard us via our senses.
There is constant noise, visual stimulation, smells, touch, balance issues, proprioception and taste that enters into our daily lives. How many times have we had to listen to a speaker or teacher in a noisy environment and be expected to filter out the unnecessary noise. I personally used to do my homework while the radio was on at the same time. Finally, we are able to focus our attention to a detail within a large area, as in bird watching.
We can find the small animal amidst the backdrop of many tree branches, leaves or grasses. This translates to finding the correct spot on a page, worksheet, or on the board. Emotions may be hard to regulate, change, or control. Imagine walking out of a very sad movie and immediately meeting someone who is in a fantastically upbeat mood, silly and ready to party. As much as we might want to switch our emotional state, it might be difficult to simply stop one emotion and start another. Think of times when you are upset and crying.
Someone tells you it will be okay and to stop crying. Was it easy to do? Strong emotions can also cause a movement difference to be more prominent. When someone experiences fright, frustration, or is startled they may not be able to respond as readily as they are able. If someone is angry, sad or jubilant, those emotions can also create barriers to rapidly accessing required actions, thoughts, perceptions or memories. If an individual with an autism spectrum disorder has movement differences, any extreme emotion can magnify that challenge and make it even more difficult.
Memories , which are a huge part of our daily lives, can also be greatly impeded in a number of ways. Because our central nervous system is intact, we may be able to balance thinking of past experiences along with the present situation and realize the difference. We can recall our way home, where the bathroom is, how to tie our shoe, how to eat our lunch, how to use the phone, where to write our name, who is sitting next to us, and on and on. However, we may experience some challenges in this area as we grow older. How many of us have gone into a room and forgotten why only to retrace our steps to help us remember why we entered the room in the first place?
Imagine if our entire life was like that on a regular basis. Think of how frustrating that might be, and how we might react and feel. Without knowledge of movement differences, certain behaviors may seem challenging.
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However, if support staff are willing to begin to look at situations and behaviors with this new perspective, perhaps frustrations might be reduced, both for the support staff and for the individual with an autism spectrum disorder. We may have to think harder or move differently to be successful, BUT, we can be successful given support, encouragement, time and understanding. If individuals with autism spectrum disorder are given the support, encouragement, time, and understanding they need, they too can be successful.
Those of us who support individuals with an autism spectrum disorder should begin to realize that there is always much more to learn, know, and understand about movement differences and about autism.
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Our job as people who support individuals with an autism spectrum disorder is to be open to new knowledge, incorporate that new knowledge into our frame of reference when possible, and be ever vigilant in creating the most supportive environment possible through our continual learning. There is always more to learn. Nothing is ever absolutely black and white, because each individual is unique. Donnellan, A. Leary, M. Mental Retardation , 34, Davis, K. Movement difference: A closer look at the possibilities. The Reporter, 6 3 , Menu Search. Indiana Resource Center for Autism.
Starting or Initiating: In any situation, we can be asked to start or initiate many actions, thoughts, memories or speech. Stopping: Sometimes, even for us, once we start something it is hard to stop.